Prostrate is part of the male’s reproductive system. It is located under the bladder next to the rectum. Cancers are mainly caused by the mutation of genes leading to the abnormal growth of the affected cells.
Such abnormal growth affecting the gland cells initiates prostate cancer. Once affected, the shape and size of the gland cells are altered. The prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. It mainly affects the older men.
Symptoms and signs of prostate cancer include the following;
- Weak or interrupted urine flow
- Sudden surges during urination
- Frequent urination especially at night
- Having troubles when urinating
- Experience burning or pain while passing urine
- Blood presence in the urine
- Fast heartbeat
- Pale skin, dizziness, and feeling tired
- Shortness of breath
- Persistent pain in the hips, pelvis and the back
You are advised to consult a doctor whenever any of the symptoms is experienced.
Test for prostate cancer
Various tests have been developed for the diagnosis and detecting this cancer.
This involves the removal of the prostate gland cells which are then observed using the microscope. Biopsy enables close examination of the prostrate cells. The presence of a tumor, a mass or abnormal tissue indicates the presence of cancer.
Trans rectal ultrasound
In this method, a probe inserted into the rectum can be used to detect cancer. The tissues image is created by the bouncing back of the energy sound waves. This picture formed is known as a sonogram.
MRI is done by use of radio waves, a strong magnet and a computer. These devices create images showing the affected cells inside the body. Clear images are created with the help of a probe in conjunction with the MRI machine. The spreading of cancer other nearby tissues can also be detected.
Specific antigen test
Through this method, the PSA level in the blood stream is measured. The level of PSA is great in the blood of the prostate cancer patient.
Digital rental exam
This is across examination done in determining the presence of lumps by examining the prostate gland. The lubricated gloved finger is inserted into the rectum when examining the prostrate glands.
The patient is observed for the various symptoms and signs. It also includes a physical examination which detects lumps or any abnormal growth in the prostate glands. The doctors examine the patient health condition as well as the past illness.
The stage of diagnosis is very critical in determining the recovery and treatment options. The age factor is also important in the treatment of this cancer. The disease is treatable with various options such as surgery and therapy in most patients especially when diagnosed early.